Can anyone claim that they are unaware of environmental issues anymore? Surely we all know something about the growing concern of the impact of climate change, the hole in the ozone layer, oil tanker spills, deforestation of tropical rainforests, the building of roads and dams in environmentally sensitive areas, public anxiety about the safety of mass-produced foods, and the like. Again, we are familiar with images of environmental protest: Greenpeace anti-whaling actions on the high seas, climate change activists shutting down coal-fi red power stations, protesters uprooting genetically modifi ed organism (GMO) trial crops, or stand-offs between police and activists outside meetings of the World Trade Organization and other global institutions. And fi nally, we are familiar with governments attempting to respond to these issues. An example of success is the securing of global agreements to ban chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs) to halt the destruction of the ozone layer; an example of failure is the well-publicised refusal of the USA to agree to binding reductions in carbon dioxide levels as a response to the processes of climate change.