Kenny, D.C., R. Costanza, T. Dowsley, N. Jackson, J. Josol, I. Kubiszewski, H. Narulla, S. Sese, A. Sutanto, & J. Thompson. 2019. Australia’s Genuine Progress Indicator Revisited (1962-2013) Ecological Economics 158:1-10

ABSTRACT

The Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) has been proposed as an alternative to GDP as an indicator of national progress. GPI includes 26 components that adjust GDPfor inequality, include household and volunteer work, and subtract a number of social and environmental costs best seen as negatives. The GPI has been estimated forover 20 countries and many states and territories. This paper updates Australia’s GPI to determine whether Australia as a nation has progressed overall since the1960s and compares two alternative approaches that differ in some important details. Wefind that despite these differing approaches, wefind that GPI remainedlargely stagnant from the 1960s through to the 1990s, and only at the turn of the century has GPI started to increase, despite increasing negative environmental costs.While GPI is well placed to serve as an improved Australian and global measure of national progress, further work is needed to measure national well-being andsupport its integration into political decision-making and to include the full range of subjective and objective indicators. Ultimately, this paper argues that while GPIis well placed to serve as a new Australian and global measure of well-being, we stress the need for an alternative indicator, like GPI, to supplement GDP and to betterinform policy decisions